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Wednesday, January 30, 2008

Glossary Of Terms for Liver Transplant Patients.

Explanation of medical terms used in liver transplantation

Allergy When the body becomes hypersensitive to something
you eat, breathe or touch.
Anaesthetic The loss of sensation or feeling. A general anaesthetic
is given to ensure that you are asleep and pain free
during operations.
Antibody A substance produced by the body which destroys foreign
substances (e.g. bacteria)
Ascites A build up of fluid in the abdomen.
Bacteria Germs that can cause disease.
Bile A fluid that is produced by the liver and stored in the gall
bladder. Bile coats the fatty foods we eat, making them
easier to digest.
Biopsy The removal and examination of a small piece of body
tissue which is taken in order to make a
(e.g. liver biopsy)
Cholangitis Inflammation of the bile ducts.
Cirrhosis Scarring of the Liver, which affects the way it works.
CT Scan A special type of X-ray which uses a computer to show a
cross section of the body.
Donor A person who donates a part of their body to help
other people.
Echocardiogram Uses sound waves to show how well your heart is
working.
Electrocardiogram Records the electrical activity in your heart (ECG).
Encephalopathy Tiredness, irritability, lack of concentration, and
personality changes, associated with liver failure.
Endoscopy Examination of the inside of the gut using
a telescope.
Haematemesis Vomiting of fresh or old blood.
Hepatic Refers to the liver.
Hepatomegaly Enlargement of the liver.
Immunosuppression The use of medicines to stop your body rejecting
your new liver.
Intravenous catheter A small tube which goes into a vein to give fluids,
blood or medicines.
Jaundice A build up of bile that causes the skin and eyes to
go yellow.
Liver function test Blood test to see how well the liver is working (LFT).
Melaena Black stools caused by the partially digested blood.
Oedema Build up of fluid causing swelling.
Pruritis Itching caused by an increase in bile salts in the
blood.
Splenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen.
Variceal bleed Bleeding from varicose veins in the food pipe or
stomach.

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