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Wednesday, February 13, 2008

Kidney disease

Kidney anatomy

Kidney anatomy

The kidneys are responsible for removing wastes from the body, regulating electrolyte balance and blood pressure, and stimulating red blood cell production.

Kidney - blood and urine flow
Kidney - blood and urine flow

This is the typical appearance of the blood vessels (vasculature) and urine flow pattern in the kidney. The blood vessels are shown in red and the urine flow pattern in yellow.

Overview

Definition:

Kidney disease is classified as any disease or disorder that affects the function of the kidneys. This may include:
  • Acute kidney failure
  • Acute nephritic syndrome
  • Analgesic nephropathy
  • Atheroembolic renal disease
  • Chronic kidney failure
  • Chronic nephritis
  • Congenital nephrotic syndrome
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Goodpasture's syndrome
  • Interstitial nephritis
  • Kidney cancer
  • Kidney damage
  • Kidney infection
  • Kidney injury
  • Kidney stones
  • Lupus nephritis
  • Membranoproliferative GN I
  • Membranoproliferative GN II
  • Membranous nephropathy
  • Minimal change disease
  • Necrotizing glomerulonephritis
  • Nephroblastoma
  • Nephrocalcinosis
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
  • Nephropathy - IgA
  • Nephrosis ( nephrotic syndrome )
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Post-streptococcal GN
  • Reflux nephropathy
  • Renal artery embolism
  • Renal artery stenosis
  • Renal disorders
  • Renal papillary necrosis
  • Renal tubular acidosis type I
  • Renal tubular acidosis type II
  • Renal underperfusion
  • Renal vein thrombosis

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