There are usually no symptoms if you have a high potassium level. Usually your diet is limited to about 2000 mg of potassium per day. Keep your Potassium Level between 4.0 - 6.0 mg/dL (1.02 - 1.53 mmol/L).
These Fruits/Vegetables are high in Potassium: Bananas, Avocado, Oranges, Orange Juice, Prunes, Prune Juice, Tomatoes, Tomato Juice, Tomato Sauce, Cantaloupe, Tomato Puree, Honeydew Melon, Nuts, Papaya, Chocolate, Red beans, Milk, Black beans, Lentils, Split peas, Baked beans, Potatoes, Black-eyed peas, Salt substitute, Dried fruits, Nectarines, Pears.
Bread and cereals allowed: White bread, white rolls, porridge, weet-bix, cornflakes, plain biscuits, wafer biscuits, rice, pasta
Avoid: Wholemeal bread, wholemeal rolls, wheatmeal biscuits, muesli, tinned spaghetti
Vegetables allowed: Those vegetables not listed to avoid, the cooked vegetables are asparagus, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, green beans, peas, brussel sprouts, carrots, corn, celery, pumpkin, potato.
Avoid: Salad vegetables like cabbage, lettuce, onion, olives, tomato, baked beans, red kidney beans, mushrooms, potato more than twice per day (this includes potato salad).
Fruits allowed: Fruit, fresh and tinned, and fruit juice not listed to avoid: the fruit are apples, cherries, lychees, mandarin, mango, pears, pineapple, raspberries, watermelon, blackberries, grapefruit, honeydew melon, orange, pawpaw, plums, strawberries, tinned peaches, apple juice, orange juice and pineapple juice
Avoid: Apricots, bananas, currants, custard apples, dates, figs, grapes, kiwi fruit, loquats, nectarines, fresh peaches, prunes, rockmelon, rhubarb, tomato juice.
Meat allowed: lamb, pork,chicken, fish, tuna
Substitution: 30 g meat = 1 egg
= 45g fish
= 30g cold meat
= 30g cheese
= 180ml milk
= 50g cottage cheese
Note: Meats should be cooked by roasting, grilling and frying. Casseroles should be drained to exclude excess juice.
Eggs allowed: Boiled, poached, scrambled and fried egg
Avoid: More than one egg per serve
Milk allowed: Milk - full cream, skimmer and skimmed, cheese and cottage cheese
Avoid: Too much milk, cheese and yogurt
Fats allowed: Margarine, salt free margarine, butter, oil, cream
Soups allowed: Avoid all
Spreads allowed: Jam, honey, jam (low joule)
Miscellaneous allowed: Artificial sweeteners
Avoid: Chocolate, nuts, licorice, toffee, cocoa, sugar, Polycose, boiled lollies
For further information and customised menus, you should see a renal dietician.